Consistent with our reporting from the past few years, California is once again listed among the American Tort Reform Foundation’s (ATRF) “Top Judicial Hellholes” in the United States. This year, California finished with a Bronze Medal as just the third most hellish (behind Pennsylvania and New York City), improving on its first place finish in 2019.

The ATRF notes that excessive tort costs in California lead to an estimated increase of $15.1 billion in the cost of doing business in the state and the loss of 242,761 jobs according to The Perryman Group. This amounts to each Californian paying a $594.74 “tort tax.”

Read the full report here.